Jan 262017

By , 99GetSmart


Turkey has once again updated its national education curriculum, downgrading philosophy, cutting classes on single-party rule in the 1940s and adding the latest coup attempt under philosophy and the social sciences.

On 16 January, the Ministry of National Education announced the new education curricula for secondary and high schools in Turkey.

The national curriculum has been a recurring topic of debate in Turkey for decades. It has always been controversial, given that all governments and political bodies have wanted to reinvent the educational system in the ideological image of the ruling party.

Less philosophy, more religion and values

The number of chapters in the philosophy course books has been generally reduced, while keeping political philosophy and philosophy of science. According to the new curriculum, class hours will remain the same at 72 hours per term, while the expected learning outcome for philosophy has been slashed from 58 to 20 points on Turkey’s assessment scale.

This major reduction of philosophy’s significance in the curriculum echoes the debate from a few years ago on the possibility of studying philosophy in the modern Turkish language. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the prime minister at the time, said that this was inadequate, insisting that one needs to use the Ottoman Turkish, which borrows the alphabet and most of its vocabulary from Arabic and Persian, or English in order to study philosophy.

“If we were to teach philosophy for 20 years, it would be a different country”

Istanbul-born philosopher and President of Philosophical Society of Turkey, Ioanna Kuçuradi, said “We make philosophy but he does not recognise us as philosophers.” In an interview with Sözcü in March 2016, Kuçuradi claimed that ignorance is at root of Turkey’s current social and moral crises and that they could be overcome through proper philosophical education: “If we were to teach philosophy for 20 years, it would be a different country.”

A pro-government conservative education union, Eğitim Bir-Sen, recently proposed the removal of ‘Ataturkism’, the official ideology describing the founding principles of modern Turkey, from the social sciences curriculum, and starting religious education at first grade.

While Eğitim Bir-Sen’s proposal on compulsory religion classes for first grade students was not introduced, Ataturkism has indeed been scrapped, and the principle of encouraging the observance of religious holidays adopted.
In line with the spirit of Eğitim Bir-Sen’s proposal, ‘Darwin & Evolution Theory’ was also purged from the school syllabus. It had been a controversial matter in Turkey for some time, especially since the Turkish Science Institute’s prohibition of publications about evolution.

The new approach will now rely on ‘values education’, e.g. the notions of ‘national unity & solidarity’ as well as ‘national, moral and universal values’. The new curriculum refers to values education as having a cultural impact, claiming that it is significant in turning these values into new norms and daily behaviours for society in the future.
As part of the new elective course for secondary schools ‘Basic Religious Teachings’, ‘jihad’ will be taught as part of religious values. Positivism and secularism will be categorised under the ‘Problems of Faith’ chapter, dedicated to the “promotion of individualism and the separation of state and religion”. Also under the problems of faith heading, students will be taught about deism, agnosticism, atheism, nihilism, satanism, reincarnation and false prophets.

Shifts in historical education with a special focus on the 15 July coup attempt

The coup attempt on 15 July 2016, which had a major impact on social and educational life in Turkey, has also been brought into the curriculum. Students will start learning about the coup attempt starting at sixth grade as a part of social science and philosophy classes. However, it is not certain whether previous coups will be referred to in the same classes.

At high school level, the students will now be asked to write essays on “Social Resistance against the Anti-Democratic 15 July Coup Attempt” within the framework of national-will, rule of law, and democratic understanding. “National Will” is a common reference in AKP (the ruling Justice and Development Party) campaigns, referring to the strong support behind the party in elections.

Contemporary Turkish and World History classes that focus on World War II will no longer refer to the anti-war efforts of Ismet Inonu, the president of the republic at the time and leader of the single-party CHP (Republican People’s Party) regime. Nor will it refer to his contributions to Turkey’s political and economic activities in the 1940s. Inonu was a general during Turkey’s War of Independence, a friend of the founder of republic and was declared “National Chief” during World War II, while keeping Turkey out of the war at all costs. As Inonu’s efforts at neutrality are being erased from history books, the transition to a multi-party system and the history of the Democrat Party is put under the spotlight.

The class on contemporary history, which has a chapter on the ‘Cold War Period’, will now include topics on ‘Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Developments in Turkey during the Time of the Democrat Party’. This in itself was a controversial period, with the start of a multi-party system that brought about the grasp of power by the Adnan Menderes government, starting in 1946. The new topic will focus on the election systems that were initiated in this period, which was heavily criticised for authoritarian tendencies and gerrymandering, due to the Democrat Party’s post-election downgrading of urban entities that did not predominantly vote for the ruling party.

Honouring Turkish success

The revised educational curriculum will honour Turkish citizens that have had international success. High school chemistry books will now have a topic on Prof. Dr. Aziz Sancar in the chapter on ‘Relations between Inter Chemical Species’ with his Nobel Prize-winning study on DNA-repair. Contemporary History will include Galatasaray’s winning of the UEFA Cup in 2000, as well as the national football team’s finishing third in the World Cup.

Students will be informed about scientific and technological developments in Turkey, about its satellite programme and communications technologies.

While the new curriculum is being championed by some media outlets in Turkey as the new system that will generate geniuses and inventors, many critical eyes see the decreasing presence of philosophy in the curriculum and hostile approach to secularism and positivism as a problem.

Even though the AKP’s efforts to erase ideological traces from national education may appear to modernise the education system through a more results-oriented approach, rewriting the history books from a centre-right political perspective only replaces the existing problems with new ones.


About the author

102.thumbnailGürkan Özturan is a graduate of Bosphorus University in Istanbul and he obtained his MA degrees from CIFE and Istanbul Bilgi University on European Studies and International Relations. His main areas of research include Far Right, Populism, Radicalism and Digital Media & Politics. Currently he works as a project curator and coordinator, writer, translator. He is a board member for Turkey Europe Foundation, as well as taking part in general coordination meetings of several other NGOs

Jun 252013

By Shirley Coenen, 99GetSmart

 University students march in protest in Santiago on June 13, 2013. Photo by Shirley Coenen. Chile, 2013.

University students march in protest in Santiago on June 13, 2013. Photo by Shirley Coenen. Chile, 2013.

Despite the overwhelming discontent among the general public in Chile, President Sebastian Piñera continues to defend the present education model. Piñera believes that education is a consumer good, not a right. At this time, more than three years after the initial protests were sparked, can we look to the Chilean students for a success story?

The protests in this South American nation began in 2011, when Universidad de Chile students took to the streets to demand change from the tax system created in 1981 during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, when most of Chile’s educational system was privatized and government support reduced.

The students’ central demand—for free and equitable access to higher education for all Chileans—has yet to be met. In the last few months of Piñera’s presidency and with presidential elections looming on November 19, 2013, the government is under pressure to draft a new constitution.

“The current constitution we have now doesn’t protect the rights of people at all—it’s completely anti-democratic,” said Hernán Moreno Acuña, a high school teacher and president of the largest teachers union in southern Santiago, the capital.

In the last few years the government has made various concessions to the protesters, such as lowering the student interest rate on loans from 5 percent to 2 percent.

Today students from 24 universities and 35 high schools throughout Chile continue to protest for the fundamental transformation of the educational system.

The movement has also drawn attention to the country’s reliance on copper exports. But it seems unlikely that nationalizing the copper industry so that the profits can be used for education will ever happen. Although the Chilean economy is a shining success story compared to other Latin American neighbors, it is almost completely dependent on its export of one commodity. What happens when copper prices falter? Without an education overhaul that fosters the development of Chile’s young people and provides them with the space and resources to thrive and innovate, the Chilean economy will suffer.

Additionally, the protesters have brought attention to the unequal distribution of resources not only in schools but also in the healthcare system and in rural areas of Chile. They have galvanized Chilean citizens and initiated a necessary conversation with the government.

According to the president of the Student Federation of the Universidad de Chile (FECH), Andres Fielbaum, the announcements made by Piñera in his speech in Santiago on May 21, 2013, were not nearly enough to improve the dire state of education.

“Piñera’s words only “reaffirm that for him education is conceived as a business and not a right,” he said. “The only option left for students is to further strengthen their movement.” Fielbaum later announced the “intensification of the protests until the end.”

The 26-year-old mathematics and engineering graduate student said “politicians should not forget that this is an election year and that students will remain a major player when it comes to discussing the project country.”

Michelle Bachelet, the presidential candidate favored to win the election, supports educational reforms. Fielbaum however reminded students, “it is very easy to make promises in an election year.”

Bachelet served as Chile’s former socialist party president (2006-2010) and later was appointed to a United Nations post. She is running as a member of the communist party for the 2013 presidential elections, with approval ratings at an estimated 50 percent.

• This article was produced with the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting

Apr 092012




Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,

Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,

Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,

Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,

Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction. […]

READ @ http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml



Source: youtube

VIDEO @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=O8kP3pr6XPU



Source: ABC NEWS

A march and rally across the city were the focus of what organizers called the kickoff of “Chicago Spring.”

Occupy Chicago called Saturday a citywide day of action. Groups all across the city rallied in 13 neighborhoods. Some events were in Chicago’s suburbs, as well. Those gathered talked about a number issues, like foreclosures, residents’ visions for their communities and genocide.

“I want Medicare, Social Security. I want housing to be taken care of. I want the upper 1 percent to pay fair taxes,” said protestor Barb Hogman. […]

READ @ http://abclocal.go.com/wls/story?section=news%2Flocal&id=8612590



By Chepe, The Daily Occupier

[…] FBI agents, even more than cops in general, have been trained in psychology. Their point is to get you talking. The moment you start, you have either said something you can’t take back, or don’t know when to quit. I can’t know what they wanted me to talk about. If you don’t answer the questions, you don’t find out what the real subject is. Usually, what they first begin talking to you about is not at all accurate. It might be just a corollary to another subject altogether. If they asked me if the sky was blue, if the Mets were winning, or what color eyes I have, I’d tell them the magic words:

“May I see your badge? Can you give me a business card? I am going to remain silent. You can speak to my lawyer.”

Lisa asked if she could ask me some questions. It was specifically about any Antifa work they believed I had been involved in. They claimed that they wanted me to give them leads on some hate crimes. They know I don’t like hate crimes based on information gleaned from my arrest records. Hey, they’re on my side. This is where I call bullshit.

I refused to answer their questions, but had a merry ole time doing so. Lisa and her colleagues refused my entreaties for a business card, which dragged the interview to about four minutes from what it should’ve been: thirty seconds. I walked out the door with the FBI’s main New York office number that Lisa wrote down for me, which she lied was her “direct line” and had my National Lawyers’ Guild attorney fax them a letter declaring that I wouldn’t be speaking.

I’ll cut the story short there, although I am currently happy to spread the word if it teaches others in immediate danger of FBI visits what they should be doing in such an event:

Don’t let them play any games.
Don’t answer questions beyond basic identification.
Don’t acknowledge knowing someone, working somewhere, or anything else.
Don’t deny or affirm.
If they have a warrant or subpoena, immediately call the National Lawyers Guild.
Ask for a badge and a business card.
Tell them you will remain silent.
Then do so. […]

READ @ http://thedailyoccupier.net/an-fbi-thing-happened-on-the-way-to-the-forum/



Source: Aljazeera

The Argentines protesting against mining activities in the northwestern province of La Rioja, where 2000 people are there preventing Osisko Canadian company to build an open gold mining mountain Famatina.

VIDEO @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CSV8P-edoE&feature=player_embedded



Source: The Real News

Francisco Louçã: European elite wants to undo the “social contract”; Germany wants more control.

VIDEO @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=u4Z3lrXDtdA



By Xrhstot Frik, OPARLAPIPAS

A Greek citizen, Christina Salem resident Chalkis, appeared to the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court in The Hague and filed a complaint against the President of the Republic Karolos Papoulias, the former Prime Minister George Papandreou, now prime minister and Lucas Papademos Finance Minister Evangelos Venizelos on genocide against the Greek people ….

The complaint is legally documented and remains to see the reaction of the court. The case is very interesting and should be circulated.



Dear Sir / Madam

I Inform You, That this Time, We Speak AS, Serious Crimes are Committed in United Kingdom and only toggle You CAN Stop Them, AS THEY Crimes Against Humanity concern and attempted Genocide of an Entire race, and there is no judicial authority in Greece able to investigate them. I am speaking about Genocide by killing members of the population, by causing serious bodily or / and mental harm, by deliberately inflicting on the conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole (or in part), by imposing measures intended to prevent births and by forcibly transferring children. I am speaking and Crimes Against Humanity About Because during The Last two years:

– There were A lot of inhumane ACTS Against The Population, causing great Suffering, Serious Injury to Body and to physical and Mental Health

– There were intentional inflictions of Conditions of LIFE , inter Alia The deprivation of Access to Food and Medicine, Calculated to bring About The Destruction of Part A of Population,

– There were intentional inflictions of Severe Pain Or Suffering, and Mental Whether physical,

– There were intentional Severe deprivations of Fundamental Rights contrary to International Law by reason of The Identity of The collectivity

– We Have Lost The right of Full Ownership Over our BODIES CAN Easy and We Become Victims of Human Organ trafficking (Enslavement)

– There were coercive to ACTS Transfer of Persons from The area in Which THEY was lawfully Present, Without Grounds Permitted Under International Law.

And All, These were Committed by ACTS The State and Political leadership of United Kingdom AS A Part of A widespread and Systematic Attack Against directed The Population, With Knowledge of The Attack.

So I recorded The most important, in my opinion, criminal acts and their consequences which I believe that demonstrate completely the validity of the above allegations. Since my English is not very good and the situation we face is very serious and requires urgent action, in order to save time, I send you via e-mail now the notification – most of it written in Greek and a small part in English, with sufficient evidence, much of which is in English, so that, even with an automatic translation of text combined with English texts, that you can be able to understand enough so that you can start your investigation. As soon as possible, I will do my best to send you the whole text and the related evidence shown in English. In a couple of days, I will also send you some more evidence, via e-mail and via post mail I have already sent you 14 DVDs. Thank You.

Sincerely and always at your Disposal, Christina Salemi

I am A Greek citizen, residing in Chalkida (Paralia Avlidas), My ID Card Number is eight hundred and thirty-nine thousand eight hundred fifty-four and I My email address is simelas@yahoo.gr

List of Attachments:

a. ICC Notification

two. Salemi vs Papandreou 06.20.2011-Criminal Complaint denunciation

the 3rd. Salemi, Mylona Supplementary Facts to The Criminal Complaint-denunciation

the 4th. Salemi, Mylona vs Parliament no 2 (11/05/2011) second complaint

READ @ http://www.oparlapipas.com/2012/03/blog-post_4503.html#ixzz1rX0sQgOK



Forty years ago there was deep concern that the population was breaking free of apathy and obedience. Since then, many measures have been taken to restore discipline.

By Noam Chomsky, AlterNet

Public education is under attack around the world, and in response, student protests have recently been held in Britain, Canada, Chile, Taiwan and elsewhere.
California is also a battleground. The Los Angeles Times reports on another chapter in the campaign to destroy what had been the greatest public higher education system in the world: “California State University officials announced plans to freeze enrollment next spring at most campuses and to wait-list all applicants the following fall pending the outcome of a proposed tax initiative on the November ballot.”

Similar defunding is under way nationwide. “In most states,” The New York Times reports, “it is now tuition payments, not state appropriations, that cover most of the budget,” so that “the era of affordable four-year public universities, heavily subsidized by the state, may be over.”

Community colleges increasingly face similar prospects – and the shortfalls extend to grades K-12.

“There has been a shift from the belief that we as a nation benefit from higher education, to a belief that it’s the people receiving the education who primarily benefit and so they should foot the bill,” concludes Ronald G. Ehrenberg, a trustee of the State University system of New York and director of the Cornell Higher Education Research Institute.


At the liberal internationalist extreme, the Trilateral Commission – the nongovernmental policy group from which the Carter Administration was largely drawn – issued stern warnings in 1975 that there is too much democracy, in part due to the failures of the institutions responsible for “the indoctrination of the young.” […]

READ @ http://www.alternet.org/education/154849/chomsky:_how_the_young_are_indoctrinated_to_obey/ 



Source: youtube

People are not being educated they’re being tested for levels of obedience. School is about memorizing what you are told short term and repeating it. The bulk of how you are graded is by completely daily busy work. This is for the work force the most important quality in a worker bee actually is obedience.

READ @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jZHNjc4Xk0&feature=player_embedde



Source: DailyMailOnline

In the eight years since Zhang Shuxiang first left her village in the poor interior of central China, she worked in 20 factories before coming to the assembly line of a Foxconn plant making products for tech firms including Apple. She is hoping it will be her last.

The 26-year-old has worked in factories making products as varied as coffee makers, jewellery and Apple’s LED screens. Each time, she quit, blaming low wages and unreasonable supervisors, then joined another factory.

She now gets paid a base salary of £150 a month (1,550 yuan), an increase from £130 (1,320 yuan) the year before, and extra for overtime. […]

READ @ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2126198/I-machine-The-face-Chinese-worker-making-Apple-iPad-150-month.html





The Union of Greek Photojournalists denounces the new brutal and unprovoked attack by the special police forces of MAT against colleagues who were covering yesterday’s rally in Syntagma square, as well as today’s demonstration.  This time victim was the President of our Union, Marios Lolos, who is already hospitalized “for traumatic brain injury caused by strike with a police baton (skull fracture impressed) requiring surgical intervention”! We want to remind that this is not the first time that the President of EFE is becoming a target, moreover in the same way. In the 15th of December 2010 he was hit from behind on the head by a man of the MAT police forces, while doing his job, and the very next day our union in its announcement drew attention to the Ministers in charge “to follow through their responsibilities, because we are afraid that in the end we shall mourn victims”

We emphasize the fact that for one more time information of the public becomes a target, despite assurances by the (former) Minister of Protection (?) of the Citizen to EFE’s representatives, in our meeting last July regarding similar incidents, that “the political and physical leadership of EL.AS. (Greek Police) is devoted to the protection of the democratic rights and treats the information vocation with the needed sensitivity and shall make every effort so that it can be exercised freely and unobstructed” (!!) nullifying these assurances.

The systematic and repeated attacks against the press workers, while on duty, that violate even fundamental human rights, can be considered far than random. Even in the most good faith, one could conclude that these attacks are consciously exercised by several circles in order to impose silencing of the free press with the also conscious attempt to terrorize the free press workers.

Moreover we see that there is no development in similar brutal attacks that took place previously, like the one against our colleague journalist Manolis Kypraiou, who suffered permanent disability and we also note that tens of named complaints from our colleagues and our Unions regarding the provocative and brutal behavior of the police forces remain unaddressed (like the one against our colleague Tatiana Bolari) following the usual procedure of archiving any sworn administrative inquiry.

After these incidents our Union will join the rest of the Unions and the Federations in our sector in Greece and abroad, in the effort to preserve the freedom of information and will stand in every way against actions that undermine the foundations of democracy and attempt to return us back into situations and regimes for which our people has heavily paid and will never be repeated in our country.

For the EC

THE DEPUTY PRESIDENT                                          THE GEN. SECRETARY


With the request of publication

The original in Greek here http://photounion.gr/?p=489

VIDEO @  http://www.newsit.gr/default.php?pname=Article&art_id=132376&catid=3

READ @ http://geomylo.wordpress.com/2012/04/06/announcement-indictment-for-the-brutal-attack-of-the-police-forces-on-our-colleagues-and-the-injury-of-the-president-of-efe/



Source: Reporters Without Borders

Reporters Without Borders roundly condemns a new wave of deliberate attacks on reporters and photographers in Athens and calls on the security forces to immediately identify those persons within their ranks who were responsible.

“The respite was short,” Reporters Without Borders said. “The riot police, who were criticized after the abuses of last summer and autumn, seem to have recovered their repressive instincts. The deliberate nature of the latest attacks leaves no doubt about this.

“In particular, Marios Lolos, a very well-known media figure, was clearly targeted during a peaceful demonstration while in a group of clearly identified journalists. Did they want to punish him for his union activities? Are they trying to intimidate all the media as Greece’s social revolt continues to grow? This unacceptable behaviour must be fully investigated and the police officers responsible for assaulting journalists must be severely punished.”

READ @ http://en.rsf.org/greece-riot-police-deliberately-attack-06-04-2012,42284.html



By Amy Goodman, Democracy Now!

Dhoruba Al-Mujahid Bin-Wahad speaks at the Attica is all of us event at Riverside Church in Harlem New York City on September 9, 2011.

He addresses the importance of recognizing that we live in a police state and that we need to decentralize public safety of public safety. Also that we need community control of our communities.

VIDEO @ http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=Le2w8fikgSA